Education is the process of fostering learning, the acquisition of skills, knowledge, attitudes, values, beliefs, and relationships. Educational systems include formal training, teaching, storytelling, practice and guided research. The acquisition of knowledge and skills occurs through the processes of learning and education; however, the system is not restricted to these processes alone. Throughout schooling, relevant social environment is also crucial for the successful development of a child.
The present-day educational system involves both formal and informal education. Informal learning process generally takes place at home or at school. The informal education mostly takes place in school because schools provide the perfect setting to encourage learning. However, there are instances where informal learning is combined with formal education.
In formal education, the learners take formal courses such as courses in the sciences and other liberal arts, while informal education mainly takes place at home or in the workplace. In formal education, the learners generally take courses that focus on reading, writing, math, science and others. On the other hand, informal education mostly focuses on activities that foster creativity, imagination, and leadership. The common subjects that are taught in both the formal and informal settings are arts, sciences, health, geography, history, literature and the like.
There are different types of secondary school instruction such as formal and informal education. The difference between the two is that formal education usually lasts for several years and makes use of textbooks and various teaching aids. Formal education also requires the involvement of several groups such as teachers, parents and guardians, students and other professionals. Formal education is usually obtained through prolonged classroom teaching. On the other hand, informal teaching can be achieved by adopting certain approaches such as games, activities and discussions.
There is a trend of incorporating technology in the teaching process. For instance, it is used to develop lesson plans and activities that can be accessed and played online. Some non-formal education systems also incorporate technology-based tools to facilitate the learning process. The outcome of incorporating technology in the learning process depends on the type of learning environment that is developed.
The development of a non-formal education system requires the incorporation of effective techniques, processes and strategies in the teaching process. For instance, an effective method of communication can improve student retention. This then leads to the improvement of teaching quality. It also helps in enhancing the learner’s interest and response to the subject matter. This can further lead to the success of any higher education system. Therefore, non-formal education systems have become a necessity in the United States as well as across the world.